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Saturday, January 26, 2013

Why One San Francisco Bike Lane Design Is Upsetting Drivers and Cyclists [Transportation Nation]



JFK Boulevard, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco. (Photo Courtesy of SFMTA Livable Streets)
A prominent bike lane in San Francisco may be suffering because of its unique design. The ambitious, and expensive, bike lane striping of Golden Gate Park stands out from the other projects of San Francisco’s bike plan for the criticism it draws from cyclists and drivers alike.
“I think it’s one of the dumbest things I ever saw that they put these stripes down here,” says driver Jimmy Harris of the lanes, pictured above.
Average speeds of drivers and bike riders have both fallen, a success at what’s known as traffic calming. But also a stark test case of transportation psychology as users cite narrow lanes and an unusual arrangement of parked cars as confusing. 
Ben Trefny and Rai Sue Sussman took a ride along JFK Blvd, with a measuring tape, to see why these particular stripes are raising hackles of bike riders and drivers. Give the audio version a listen. 

Friday, January 25, 2013

The Safety-in-Numbers Effect Surfaces in Minneapolis Bike Crash Data [StreetsBlog]



New data from Minneapolis confirms: the more cyclists on the road, the safer they will be. Image: Twin City Sidewalks via the City of Minneapolis

Minneapolis’s public works department just completed a rigorous, long-term analysis of bike-car collisions, and they’ve released a trove of data.
Bill Lindeke at Network blog Twin City Sidewalks says it might be “as good a study of crash data as you’re ever likely to see in this country.” There were a number of interesting findings, many of which bolstered previous research.
For example, as shown in the chart above, a confirmation of the safety-in-numbers effect popularized by researcher Peter Jacobsen:
It’s long been a truism in nonmotorized transportation planning that safety improves dramatically as the overall number of bicyclists and pedestrians rise. Well, this seems to hold true for Minneapolis over the last decade, and is one of the most hope-inspiring pieces of the bicycling puzzle…
What this suggests to me is that bicycle advocates should focus their efforts on increasing the total number of cyclists. In a way, safety issues will take care of themselves once we begin to increase the overall awareness and frequency of bicycling in the Twin Cities.

[Keep reading at StreetsBlog] 

Cycle corridors will give riders safe haven from other traffic [The Times]


  • To improve safety, cycle lanes are now being designed to run behind bus stopsTransport For London
Cycle lanes segregated from motor traffic are being planned and built around the country as Britain seeks to extend the Olympics-inspired cycling boom.
Proposed schemes in London, Brighton and Southampton have been welcomed as a sign that councils are beginning to appreciate the economic and health benefits of encouraging cycling.
In the capital, the Cycle Superhighway that runs from Aldgate to Bow will be extended to Stratford under Transport for London plans that are currently open to consultation. Of the 3km of new cycle lanes to be built, 2.4km will be segregated from traffic by a kerb while ten junctions will be upgraded in line with demands made in the TimesCities Fit for Cycling campaign.

Yuba’s Boda Boda Cargo Cruiser

Yuba’s Boda Boda Cargo Cruiser elevates utility cycling to a new level of elegance and comfort. The integrated rear rackand love handles make it easy to pick up a friend, carry a kid, a few large bags of groceries or speakers. Green accents, such as cork grips, bamboo back deck and optional running boards insure that this bike will turn heads as you spin around town. Apartment dwellers will appreciate that the Boda Boda weighs a mere 35 pounds, and features a hand hold for carrying the bike up stairs. Shorter cargo bike riders will appreciate that the bike is available in step-thru versions to make it easier to get on under load. Its stable handling and easy-shifting, eight speed urban derailleur system will get you there and back, even in hilly San Francisco. This is the lightest and most compact Cargo Bike.Accessories make it easy to configure the bike to exactly match your lifestyle.
Features
• Comfortable:
 The Boda Boda Cargo Cruiser rides like a European townie bike – upright and casual.
• Low top tube: The low top tube makes it easy for people of all heights to get on the bike, even when loaded up.
• Geared up: The combination of a 38T crank and 8 speed cassette makes peddling easy.
• Lightweight: Despite its hauling capacity, this bike weighs about the same as other city bikes.
• Urban: Designed for urban and sub-urban living, this bike is comfortable picking up groceries and passengers(one or two kids), and still gets you to work looking fresh.

Riding in the cold - Bremen Upper Loop Gravel Ride Recap

On MLK day we ventured out to ride the Bremen Upper Loop Gravel Grinder. Temperatures were expected to peak in the 20's with chills in the single digits. What did I wear to stay warm?

From head to toe
Pearl Izumi Amfib Balaclava
Pearl Izumi Barrier Gloves
Ibex Wool Jersey
Performance Coolmax Jersey
Showers Pass Elite 2.0 Jacket
Pearl Izumi Amfib Cycling Bib Tight
Pearl Izumi shoe covers
Pearl Izumi cycling shoes
Wool cycling socks
HotHands Toe warmers 

We rode 25.5 miles and climbed 2200+ feet. Mixed gravel and pavement.
http://ridewithgps.com/routes/2064310

Thursday, January 24, 2013

Dirty Double Fondo is May 18th, 2013. Salida, Colorado


Please make sure to read all rules for this. This is fully unsupported and you will need to be self-sufficient in order to complete this. The rules are located HERE.
No more than 74 people allowed for this event!
This is intended to be NON-COMMERCIAL, Recreational-Use Activities that are held on parts of USFS lands in compliance with USFS Special Use Rules and Regulations.
Double Metric (200K) Gravel Grinder 
What: Early Season, High Elevation Gravel Grinder, Self Supported, Ultra-Endurance, Hella-Epic. 200K of high altitude gravel. Starts and finishes in Salida. Formerly known as the South Park Dirty Fondo. The DDF is re-tooled and fully optimized.

Registration page located here: DDF 200k registration

Start: Meet a 6:45 AM in SALIDA at Cafe Dawn, rolling at 07:00 AM sharp! Restrooms are available at the Start.
PARKING: Please park in the Parking lot on the East side of first street, by Subculture Cyclery….or park on the North side of Safeway, between 2nd and 3rd street in the free parking lot. Do not park in the Safeway parking  lot and please don’t park at Cafe Dawn or on ‘ G ‘ Street in front of Cafe dawn as there are a limited number of spaces for Customers of Cafe Dawn and we will be occupying a space for..well…a while.
Finish: Whenever you arrive back in town – there will be a sign in / sign out board. The start will be at Cafe Dawn. The finish will be in Salida, at a TBD location… depending on the number of riders.
Lodging : There are a number of hotels in the area. The Simple Lodge and Hostel is 2 blocks from the start. There is free camping with a pit toilet at “Salida East” – two miles east (downstream) of town off of Hwy 50.
Course Description:    Garmin connect version

Growing bike rack business run by homeless men [Cleveland.com]

bikerack.jpgJohn Handyside runs a drill press in the bike rack-making shop at the men's homeless shelter on Lakeside Avenue. Handyside lives in the shelter and is paid minimum wage. He says the work gives him training and helps to build his resume.
Gus Chan, The Plain DealerCLEVELAND, Ohio -- Shopping for bicycle racks a few years ago, the city had to spend its money out of state because no machine shop in this old smokestack town made them.
But now Metro Metal Works, a program of Lutheran Metropolitan Ministry, is cranking out bike racks at the Lakeside men's homeless shelter, hiring people on the skids who need money and job training. Some are homeless. Some are just out of prison.
"This allows us to show that we have current employment," said John Handyside, a homeless man working a pipe-bending machine in the rack shop. "And that makes it easier to find a better-paying job."
Handyside lives in the shelter, earns minimum wage and pays child support. "This also keeps me out of trouble," he said.

Pee-Wee Herman Skinsuit



























A customer requesting this design, and we loved it enough to sell in the store. Any fan of the Pee-wee Herman will love this as a Pee-Wee skinsuit, or a Pee-Wee costume. Provide your own Red Schwinn cruiser bike, and we recommend you stay away from movie theaters.
For sizing, please refer to the skinsuit Size Chart

Can We Finally Declare Peace in the 'War on Cars'? [Atlantic Cities]


Can We Finally Declare Peace in the 'War on Cars'?Can you still have a war if nobody wants to fight?
Can you still have a war if nobody wants to fight?
A recent survey of attitudes toward bicycles in Seattle raises the question. As local alt-weeklyThe Stranger points out in a piece called "Debunking the So-Called Bike Backlash," residents in Seattle have been talking about a “war on cars” for years. And the front line in that alleged war has been the stripes of paint that mark off lanes for bicycles.
But according to a recent survey commissioned by the Seattle-based Cascade Bicycle Club, this war isn’t anywhere near as hot as the rhetoric would have you believe. Before we go any further, yes, this is an advocacy group-commissioned poll, but they hired reputable research firm FM3 to conduct a scientific poll, which has a margin of error of 4.9 percent. The poll was originally intended for internal use, but according to Craig Benjamin, Cascade's policy and government affairs manager, the results were so heartening that they decided to share them with the public.
Here are some of the poll’s findings:
  • 73 percent of the 400 Seattle voters surveyed supported the idea of building protected bike lanes.
  • 59 percent go further and support “replacing roads and some on-street parking to make protected bicycle lanes.”
  • 79 percent have favorable feelings about cyclists.
  • Only 31 percent agree with the idea that Seattle is “waging a war on cars.”

2013 Gravel Rouser Classic is March 14-17, 2013


Event #1: Debutante Ball on Hollow Point Trail

Date: Thursday, March 14
Start Time: 5 p.m., registration begins at 4:30 p.m.
Meeting Place: Strouds Run Group Camp Site

> Practice your curtsies because it'll be polite society all the way for this timed trail race. Join us at a coming-out party to debut Hollow Point Trail, the newest trail at Strouds Run State Park. Approximately 6 miles of timed singletrack racing. Feel free to ride at parade pace and enjoy the beauty of the woods if you aren't race ready. Ball gowns optional.

> To get to the Group Camp Site: Turn onto State Park Road off of Strouds Run Road but don't turn into the campground. The Group Camp Site is on your right about a half mile down State Park Road.

Event #2: Big Jim's Trail Buffet & DJ Party

Date: Friday, March 15
Start Time: 5 p.m., registration begins at 4:30 p.m.
Meeting Place: 11595 Simms Road, Athens

> Last year Jim and Ellen proved they can throw an off-road time trial while blasting some of your favorite rock classics over the PA system. Who wouldn't want to cross this finish line again? Get ready to race around the garage, through the dog yard and into the depths of the woods on this private trail system full of challenges for you and your bike. Expect 1-2 miles of timed racing.

Event #3: Gravel Rouser Classic

Date: Saturday, March 16
Start Time: 10 a.m. sharp (Registration begins at 9 a.m.)
Meeting Place: Kiser's Barbecue at Eclipse Company Town near The Plains, Ohio
Parking Information: Look for directional parking signage at Kiser's
Gravel Rouser Survivors Barbecue: 3:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m. at Kiser's Barbecue at Eclipse

> Hilly ride to Lake Hope State Park and back. 40-ish-mile (round trip) ride plus optional 10-mile singletrack mountain bike race at the mid-point. Course will be marked and maps provided. Ride at your own pace to and from Lake Hope. After riding to Lake Hope, either race or spectate before gorging at the Biggest Aid Station Ever and then riding home. Suggested donation of $25 covers marked course, map, major snack options at Lake Hope, buffet dinner afterward and special 10th anniversary Gravel Rouser keepsake item.

> After the day's ride, enjoy the Gravel Rouser Survivors Barbecue at the new Kiser's Barbecue at Eclipse. Buffet dinner included with your registration donation. You are welcome to change out of your riding clothes in the bathrooms at Kiser's. Individuals who are not participating in the Gravel Rouser can pay $15 and enjoy the BBQ buffet.

Please note new starting point -- registration, start, finish all located at new location this year.

Event #4: Grab & Git City Scramble and St. Patrick's Day French Toast Party

Date: Sunday, March 17
Start Time: 10 a.m. sharp. Registration begins at 9:30 a.m.
Meeting Place: Athens Bicycle, 4 W. Stimson Ave., Athens

>Aye lassie you are gonna need the luck o the Irish on this day if you wanna get on the podium. Find yourself a four leaf clover and get your leperchaun butt over to Athens Bicycle to start this one. At race start you get a map to find your way around our fair city as fast as you can, but tiptoe your way through campus as not to wake any sleepy Bobcats. Ride around town (about 10-12 miles total) to find five checkpoints, then head to the finish for a brunch party and podium awards ceremony! This event has almost as much to do with luck as it has to do with fitness. Basically, it’s a crapshoot, so forget the performance anxiety and come join the fun. Any kind of bike will do for this event (not an off-road event). Food, beverages and podium awards sponsored by Trek and Athens Bicycle at the finish line.

GENERAL INFORMATION

> Enjoy all four days of racing or pick and choose as you wish

> The Gravel Rouser Committee will accept donations to offset costs for organizing the event and feeding participants. Suggested donations as follows:
  • Thursday: $10
  • Friday: $15
  • Saturday: $25
  • Sunday: $10
  • All events: $50
Please give your donation to any of the Gravel Rouser Committee members: Joey Boyle, Peter Kotses or Meredith Erlewine.

Wednesday, January 23, 2013

therightbike - crowdsourced bike recommendations


therightbike

Public Beta


We currently have a limited database size, so you may be running into errors. You can help expand the database!
The Right Bike finds the bike most suited to you. Just answer the questions below and we'll use our ever-growing database to find your perfect bike.
- See more at: http://therightbike.com/#sthash.tKdFIZVx.dpuf

More information about the project at BikeHacks

Awesome riding: madness

Side-by-Side Router Compares Driving, Walking, Biking, and Transit [Mobility Lab]


Online mapping applications have become an essential tool for route planning.
The route planner from Google Maps originally assumed everyone wanted driving directions for cars, but has grown to include options for biking, walking, and transit. Availability depends on the location, but I’ve been impressed with Google Maps’ coverage.
Using Google’s “application programming interface” (API), I created a tool that lets you compare all four options at the same time.
I call it the Side-by-Side Router. Once you pick two end-points, the four modes’ routes are drawn with different colors. It’s been surprising to see how the routes vary depending on the mode. The program also gives you the total travel time and distance for each mode.
As an advocate for biking and transit, it was a bit disheartening to see the driving mode “win” when it came to creating the fastest trip. But the driving directions assume what is known as “Doris Day parking,” the phenomenon where one magically finds an empty parking space immediately in front of one’s destination. (For an example, turn to 0:59 in this clip.)

So Far To Go

The lure of gravel - go pick up the issue of Bicycle Times to read it.


The lure of gravel


A new breed of race is cropping up in the Midwest, one that promises a grueling but beautiful ride—the gravel grinder. Two such events, The Gravel Worlds and the Dirty Kanza 200, highlight the experience. By Eric Benjamin.

The Growler Bike: Pedal Power For Beer Snobs [FastCompany]
























THIS BIKE’S INSPIRATION IS THOSE WHO’VE LOST THEIR DRIVER’S LICENSE TO A DUI BUT MANAGE TO KEEP ON TRUCKING.

The growler. Technically, it’s a half gallon. Emotionally, it’s so much more. It’s the go-to container of back-porch hooch and fine craft beer, or home-fermented concoctions and wines better suited to a box. It’s also, now, a bike.
By Joey Ruiter, the Growler City Bike is a concept inspired in part by this folkloric jug and in part by the “West-ee’s” of Grand Rapids, Michigan.
“The West-ee’s is a term for people in our community that lost their license for DUI and now use bicycles for everything,” Ruiter explains. “Local bike shops help outfit commuters with a rack and such. The carts, baskets, trailers, packs, whatever, that they make are all really great.”
I’d never heard the term “West-ee” before this interview, nor had I ever heard any word for people who now ride bikes following a DUI. But I imagine them as a highly ingenious sect of Ruiter’s hometown of Grand Rapids, a people who have all the charm of a cartoon hobo (the kind with the handkerchief tied to a sick) and all the ingenuity of an Apollo 13 astronaut.
Evidently, the bike is a tribute to this bar-cruising lifestyle. So at the bike’s nucleus is its meaningful core, the age-old booze bucket, and every design detail grows out of that seed as inevitably as the branches from the trunk of an old oak. The center of the frame is like the growler’s massive handle, and the whole visual design conveys the industrial heft of the chunky bottle.
“The size, shape, and weight of the Growler creates a multitude of issues,” Ruiter tells Co.Design. “It should be as protected as possible, it should feel like the heart of the bike, the motor, the power, and really focus the attention on it. I overthink everything.”
But in reality, the Growler City Bike isn’t just about safely stowing your moonshine. It’s about moving on with your life after a bad decision--and finding a way to move on without the promise of making any better decisions in the future. In other words, it’s human nature on wheels.

Tuesday, January 22, 2013

‘Cargo bikes are the greenest way to carry shopping – they run on bananas and flapjacks’ [The Times]


  • Graeme Semple and cargo bike
    Graeme Semple: “I just couldn’t face the idea of sitting in traffic any more” Picasa
A new generation of family runabouts looks set to change the face of Britain’s roads next year and no one will be worried about the running costs.
Cargo bikes and child-carrying cycles could transform the way Britons do their shopping and the school run, as retailers report sharp increases in sales of the load-carrying bicycles.
On the streets of Copenhagen it is common to see a father or mother cycling to school with two children strapped safely into a carrier on the front of a bike. In Amsterdam, it is equally common to see an old lady pedalling serenely back from the local shops with bags of groceries in a carry-box on the back of her tricycle.

Casting Call for Midwest Bike Messengers


My name is Serita Wesley; I am a Casting Producer with Zodiak USA in New York City.  We are currently casting bike messengers/messenger services in the Midwest for a possible new series.

The reasoning behind our search is for privately owned businesses in the Midwest that deal with customer service and interact face to face with clients on a daily basis.  We are not looking for people who just deal with disgruntled customers, but those who provide a service, have very entertaining employees, and have some funny stories to tell about encounters with customers.

Seeing as though bike messengers and their headquarters deal directly with their customers in a pretty fast paced environment; I feel as though funny interactions, awkward occurrences, misunderstandings and incidents happen on the regular.

If this sounds like your business or a business you know of, then email me at Serita.Wesley@zodiakusa.com, and tell me all about your business. If you do not fit this description then please feel free to pass this note on anyone who does, that you feel might be great TV!

Thanks so much for your time and have a great day!

Best,
Serita M. Wesley
Zodiak USA

Inherent Value - Surly Bikes


I’d like to talk about bikes for a minute, and more specifically the value of bikes. See that bike hanging on the hook in your basement or garage?  How much money do you have into it?  What do you use yours for?  Are you getting your money’s worth, and how do you know?  Let’s face it - a bike is a fancy pile of metal and plastic. Its true value is no different than most other possessions – it’s in what you want it for and for what it can do for you.
Most things are designed to serve a purpose and sometimes more a window of potential uses than a specific purpose. Take the bicycle for example. The material and geometry are best suited to a style of riding, or a type of terrain, but the bike is not limited to that. I wouldn’t point a road bike down a full blown DH course, but you get the point.  The window of potential uses is fairly broad for most bikes. They’re remarkably strong and capable. It helps if the rider is too, but whatever. Run what you brung and you’ll do all right.

Year of Yay Ride Recap @yaybikes



The first Year of Yay ride of 2013 was a smashing success. Almost 60 cyclists attended the event which meant that we split into two groups for the first time.



A view of a large portion of the group.

The route was 21 miles and we stopped at three different bakeries:
  1. Audino’s Italian Bakery
  2. Resch’s Bakery
  3. Cherbourg Bakery

    I’ll have to admit. I had no idea where we were or where we were going at the beginning. Thankfully, we had a lot of experienced cyclists and after a few turns here and there, we arrived at Audino’s Italian Bakery at Clara Ave. and 11th Ave. [Keep reading at Yay Bikes!]

    Monday, January 21, 2013

    Rivendell People


    New Movie About Us


    Or you could call it a New About Us Movie since it will live on our About Us page from now on. Made by former Riv employee Jay Ritchey and about thirty minutes long, the film features interviews with some of Rivendell's full time employees. 



    Rivendell People from Jay Bird Films on Vimeo.

    LANCE ARMSTRONG’S FLAWED CONFESSION [The New Yorker]


    lance-oprah-davidson.jpg
    It all might have worked if Lance Armstrong hadn’t had to talk about anyone but Lance Armstrong. It bespeaks his flaws and his corruption that he seems to have thought, as he sat down for his interview with Oprah Winfrey, that it might be possible. She began by walking him through a confession: “Yes or no? Did you ever take banned substances to enhance your cycling performance?” Yes. EPO, blood doping, cortisone, testosterone, and human-growth hormone in “all seven of your Tour de France victories”? Yes.


    Read more: http://www.newyorker.com/online/blogs/closeread/2013/01/lance-armstrongs-flawed-confession.html#ixzz2IZCapoiI

    Welcome To Alaska, Where Winter Is Cold And Bikes Are Fat [NPR]


    The plummeting mercury in Alaska this time of year doesn't keep bikers inside. More and more of them are heading to recreational trails and to the office on "fat bikes." They look like mountain bikes on steroids, with tires wider than most people's arms.
    Kevin Breitenbach runs the bike shop at Beaver Sports in Alaska's second-largest city. Aboard a fat bike, he makes his way down a trail that winds through a forest as wet, quarter-sized snowflakes drop from the sky. Visibility is low, and the snow hides the roughest spots on the trail.
    Breitenbach's bike is his primary form of transportation. When he's not commuting to work, he's racing in ultra-distance events.
    "Now, if we were out here on regular mountain bikes, you'd just be all over the place. The bikes are set up to be stable, and so you can go much slower and still maintain your balance," he says.
    [Keep reading at NPR]

    Sunday, January 20, 2013

    Tour de Donut! Sweetest ride in OH


    The Tour de Donut is a unique bicycle event, where your ability to eat donuts is just as important as your ability to ride your bicycle fast. The event is a mass start timed bicycle "race" where riders visit two "donut stops" during the 30 mile course or one stop for the 15 mile mini and eat donuts. For each donut the rider eats during the ride (and keeps down) they have 5 minutes deducted from their ride time. There are prizes in several classes including the coveted golden Tour de Donut championship belt for the best adjusted "donut time". We also award the most donuts eaten in several classes, and for the speed freaks we also award the fastest bike only time.
    This ride is intended to be fun and include all cyclists pro to amateur, triathletes, tourist, fitness riders, fun riders, or you can dust off that two wheeler you found along side the road, or in the back of the barn you are not going to want to miss this event.
    While the event is technically a "race" very few consider it a serious competition, remember this is all in fun! We doubt the next Tour de France champion will have Tour de Donut Champion listed on his palmares, so  eat some donuts and ride as fast or slow as you wish. All roads are open to traffic, and and all traffic rules must be followed.  Roads are marked with large custom donut markings ( in several colors and some have sprinkles) so you do not get lost.

    Student hit by dump truck has ‘waited long enough’ for police report, lawyer demands answers [The Lantern]


    Hughes
    Daniel Chi / Asst. photo editor
    Police officers survey the scene after a Sept. 5 bicycle accident where OSU student James Daniel Hughes was hit by a dump truck near Woodruff Avenue.

    Nearly four months have passed since Daniel Hughes, an 18-year-old chemical engineering student at Ohio State, was hit and run over by a construction truck, and as no police report has been released, many details on the case remain unknown. Hughes’ lawyer said he’s willing to take legal action against the university for not cooperating and for not making routine information available.
    While Hughes broke his silence to the media when he spoke with ABC-6 Tuesday, Steve Crandall, the Hughes’ lawyer, said he’s handling media inquiries for the Hughes family. The Lantern’s requests for comment from Hughes and his father, David Hughes, were unsuccessful.
    Daniel Hughes was released from the Wexner Medical Center last month after being hospitalized since the Sept. 5 incident on Woodruff Avenue, and until last Friday, he had been receiving treatment at Dodd Hall Inpatient Rehabilitation Center in Columbus. Wednesday was Daniel Hughes’ first day of his outpatient therapy program.
    Daniel Hughes’ parents and three younger siblings have since left their hometown of South Point, Ohio, and rented a Columbus apartment to be with Daniel Hughes during the holidays and as he goes through rehabilitation and continual pelvic surgeries to control a bone infection.
    Crandall said that as Daniel Hughes tries to cope with the loss of roughly one-third of his body, including his right leg and hip, Crandall continues to search for answers from the university about the specific details of the accident.
    “It’s frustrating to Daniel and his entire family that there’s still no report or time frame for when the report will be released,” Crandall said. “What is delaying that report, or even a portion of the report so that we can interview witnesses? I’ve been asking those questions but have found silence on those topics.”

    Doping at the Tour de France - a wiki


    There have been allegations of doping in the Tour de France since the race began in 1903. Early Tour riders consumed alcohol and used ether, among other substances, as a means of dulling the pain of competing in endurance cycling.[1] Riders began using substances as a means of increasing performance rather than dulling the senses, and organizing bodies such as the Tour and the International Cycling Union (UCI), as well as government bodies, enacted policies to combat the practice.
    Use of performance-enhancing drugs in cycling predates the Tour de France. Cycling having been from the start a sport of extremes, whether of speed by being paced by tandems, motorcycles and even cars, or of distance, the suffering involved encouraged the means to alleviate it. Not until after World War II were sporting or even particularly health issues raised. Those came shortly before the death of Tom Simpson in the Tour de France of 1967. Max Novich referred to the Tour de France in a 1973 issue of New York State Journal of Medicine as "a cycling nightmare".[2] In the eyes of a 1998 German observer:
    For as long as the Tour has existed, since 1903, its participants have been doping themselves. No dope, no hope. The Tour, in fact, is only possible because - not despite the fact - there is doping. For 60 years this was allowed. For the past 30 years it has been officially prohibited. Yet the fact remains; great cyclists have been doping themselves, then as now.[3]

    [Keep reading at Wikipedia]